The ASPCA puts together a wide range of reports to provide detailed information to lawmakers, media and the public about a variety of issues pertaining to commercial breeding facilities and puppy mills.
In September 2023, the ASPCA composed an analysis of Courtesy Visits conducted by USDA inspectors at licensed facilities from 2018 to 2022.
- Courtesy Visits are announced site visits or phone calls used to provide guidance or education to licensees or applicants on the Animal Welfare Act requirements.
- Unlike normal inspections, Courtesy Visits are not posted publicly and no violations are recorded, even if they are severe.
- Despite the agency’s claim that Courtesy Visits improve compliance with the Animal Welfare Act, nearly 40% of dog dealers had violations documented on an inspection conducted after a Courtesy Visit, and
- Courtesy Visits did not improve compliance above the baseline for dog dealers.
In February 2023, ASPCA analyzed USDA enforcement of the Animal Welfare Act and produced a report on the data found from Fiscal Year 2022.
- The USDA was not keeping up with inspections yet continued to issue commercial breeding licenses.
- Violations were not reported because of the agency’s programs intended to limit inspections.
- Enforcement action was rarely taken by the USDA when licensees violated the Animal Welfare Act.
- Reports showed examples of the USDA’s inaction, even as dogs suffered.