Giving Victimized Dogs a Second Chance
First published in Canine Journal.
For dogs rescued from puppy mills, hoarding cases, dog fighting rings, and other neglect and abuse situations, the journey to safety and adoption can be much more difficult than it is for the millions of animals entering shelters nationwide every year. While we can resolve almost every medical condition exhibited by canine cruelty victims, their inner scars are harder to both see and heal.
Most victims of animal cruelty have spent their lives isolated from the outside world in crowded, unsanitary conditions, rendering them extremely fearful. Many never learned to socialize with people, and are often terrified by everyday sights, sounds, and experiences. The feel of a leash, a gentle stroke, or even the approach of a person can cause extreme anxiety and intense responses.
Some dogs cower and shut down or become completely catatonic, unable to function because they’re so overwhelmed. Others panic, scrambling to hide under objects, trying to flee, thrashing around when they feel a leash around their necks, or even resorting to biting as they desperately attempt escape. Traumatized by their experiences, these animals often can’t function appropriately as companion animals. Their quality of life is very poor, and their outcome is grim. Unable to be adopted, many languish in shelters or face euthanasia.
But groundbreaking approaches in dog rehabilitation are giving rescuers new hope, and even more importantly, victimized dogs a second chance.
That’s the idea behind the ASPCA Behavioral Rehabilitation Center at St. Hubert’s Animal Welfare Center in New Jersey, where our team of experts uses scientifically-based behavior modification techniques to help severely undersocialized dogs overcome their fears. This approach includes roughly 35 treatment protocols designed to gradually reduce the dogs’ anxiety in three areas: socializing with people, handling, and leash walking.
To further reduce stress and speed recovery, we provide daily enrichment, including:
- Toys sprinkled with exciting smells or hidden treats
- Low-level sounds played over a speaker
- Time to splash in baby pools or dig in sand pits
- Frozen treats or things to chew during “Zen time” – their midday break from treatments
We also use friendly, confident “helper dogs” during all treatment sessions to accelerate rehabilitation.
Coconut’s Success Story
One dog accepted into our Rehab Center program was a terrier mix named Coconut. In May 2013, Coconut was rescued from a puppy mill in Michigan where she was found caked in mud, trying to flee, and refusing to be touched. But after six weeks of intensive treatment for fear and anxiety at the Behavioral Rehabilitation Center, Coconut’s fear subsided as her trust increased.
When Coconut “graduated” from our program, she’d learned to love going on walks, relish a good scratch, make new friends, and explore new places. Last January, after transfer to the Monmouth County SPCA for adoption, she found a safe and loving home with a retired couple and is thriving there.
Watch this short video to discover how Coconut transitioned from being a nervous, unsociable dog into a loving, adoptable pet in just a few short weeks. Her inspiring story reminds us that all living beings are capable of love, sometimes it just takes a little more patience and time to build trust.
Every dog’s journey is different, but the end goal is to undo the psychological impact of neglect and abuse, improving qualities of life and making adoption possible. With time and the benefit of behavioral training, the majority of the dogs who’ve entered our Rehab Center program have overcome their once-crippling fears and become the loving, happy dogs they were meant to be before their loyalties were betrayed and their spirits were broken.
Expansion to New ASPCA Behavioral Rehabilitation Center
Due to the success of our program in New Jersey, the ASPCA has decided to build a permanent Behavioral Rehabilitation Center in Asheville, North Carolina, scheduled to open in 2017. To get the details of this exciting expansion, continuing reading at Canine Journal.