Last year, the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center (APCC) in Urbana, Illinois, handled nearly 180,000 cases about pets exposed to possibly poisonous substances. Check out our top 5 tips for what to do in a pet poisoning emergency.
1. Be Prepared
Before an emergency arises, save your veterinarian’s phone number, the phone number to the closest emergency veterinary hospital, and the number for APCC (888) 426-4435, on your phone.
Make a Pet First Aid Kit. You can often provide important initial treatment at home. This is especially easy if you have a first aid kit for your pet. (link to pet first aid kit on ASPCA.org)
2. Stay Calm
If you are calm, you will able to provide the information that will be vital to providing the appropriate medical care for your pet, and you will help your pet to stay calm, too!
3. Assess Your Pet
Take a good look at your pet. Is she showing any unusual behavior? If your pet is unresponsive, having any trouble breathing, is bleeding, or having seizures or convulsions, your pet needs immediate medical attention. Call your veterinarian or local veterinary emergency hospital to let them know that you are on your way with your pet.
4. Gather Information
What did your pet consume? Get an exact name of the product that was involved. For medications, write down the name of the medication and the milligram strength. For herbicides, and pesticides, be sure to get the name and concentration of the active ingredients and an EPA registration number.
When did it happen? Was there a time frame that you were gone or did you catch your pet in the act?
Has your pet vomited? If so, look to see if he or she vomited up any of the poison or any packaging eaten at the same time.
5. Be Proactive
Don’t wait for your pet to start showing signs before you seek help. Often one of the best things that we can do for your pet is to prevent symptoms before they happen by preventing the poison from being absorbed.
Contact your veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center to see if there are things that you should do for your pet at home, or if this will require medical treatment at a veterinary hospital.
Spring has sprung! If you’re anything like us, you’re itching to dust off your green thumb and get gardening. But before you break ground, keep in mind that a number of popular springtime plants can be poisonous to pets. To make sure that you don’t cultivate a danger-zone for your furry friends, we’ve put together a list of ten common toxic varieties:
Azalea/Rhododendron: Members of the Rhododendron species (also known as azalea) contain substances known as grayantoxins, which can produce vomiting, drooling, diarrhea, weakness, and depression of the central nervous system in animals. Severe azalea poisoning can even lead to death from cardiovascular collapse.
Chrysanthemum: These popular blooms are part of the Compositae family, which contains pyrethrins that may produce gastrointestinal upset including drooling, vomiting, and diarrhea, if eaten. In certain cases, depression and loss of coordination may also develop if enough of any part of the plant is consumed.
Cyclamen: Cyclamen species contain cyclamine, a toxin that can produce significant gastrointestinal irritation and intense vomiting. The highest concentration of cyclamine is actually in the root portion of cyclamen, though the entire plant should be avoided.
Daffodil: Yes, even the popular daffodil—aka Narcissus—can cause vomiting, salvation, and diarrhea when ingested. Large ingestions can lead to convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors, and cardiac arrhythmias. And beware: bulbs are the most poisonous part.
English Ivy: Also called branching ivy, glacier ivy, needlepoint ivy, sweetheart ivy, and California ivy, Hedera helix contains triterpenoid saponins that, if ingested, can result in vomiting, abdominal pain, hypersalivation and diarrhea.
Kalanchoe: Commonly referred to as the Mother-In-Law plant, the Kalanchoe species contains components that can produce gastrointestinal irritation, as well as those that are toxic to the heart, and can seriously affect cardiac rhythm and rate.
Lily: While they’re not toxic to dogs, members of the Lilium species are especially dangerous for cats. The ingestion of even a small amount of this plant can lead to severe kidney damage for your feline friend.
Oleander: All parts of Nerium oleander are considered toxic, as they contain cardiac glycosides that have the potential to cause serious effects—including gastrointestinal tract irritation, abnormal heart function, hypothermia and even death.
Sago Palm: Sago Palm, along with other members of the Cycad family, is highly toxic to dogs, cats, and horses. The ingestion of just one or two seeds from this plant can result in very serious side effects, including vomiting, diarrhea, depression, seizures and liver failure.
Tulip: Tulips contains toxins that can cause vomiting, depression, diarrhea, and hypersalivation. Although the entire tulip plant is considered toxic, it is the bulb that is the most poisonous to animals.
Though this list covers ten of the most common springtime toxins, it is important to note that more than 700 plants have been identified as potentially harmful to animals! Please visit our full list of toxic and non-toxic plants to make sure that your garden is safe for your pets.
If you think that your animal is ill or may have ingested a poisonous substance, contact your local veterinarian or our 24-hour emergency poison hotline directly at 1-888-426-4435.
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Thousands of pet parents called our 24-hour poison control hotline last year. Read on to learn more about common household items that resulted in frequent calls to APCC, and find out why they’re so dangerous to our furry friends.
1. Prescription Human Medications
We handled 24,673 cases regarding human prescription medications—the top offender for the sixth year in a row—in 2013. The top three types of medications that animals were exposed to include: heart medications, antidepressants and pain medications. Many instances of exposure occurred when pet parents dropped their medication when preparing to take it, and before they knew it, Fido had gobbled the pill off the floor.
Insecticides are used in the yard, home and on our animals, and nearly 16% of all calls to our poison hotline in 2013 were related to insecticides. Always read the label before using any insecticide on your pet, in your home or in your yard.
3. Over-the-Counter Human Medications
Over-the-counter human products, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen and herbal supplements, accounted for nearly 15% of calls to APCC in 2013. Many of these products are tasty to pets, and some can be life threatening if ingested.
4. Household Products
Our poison hotline fielded nearly 17,000 calls about general household products in 2013. Household toxins range from fire logs to cleaning products.
5. People Food
Human foods are often appealing to pets, especially dogs. In 2013, people foods clocked in as the fifth most common pet poison. Pets can get themselves into serious trouble by ingesting onions, garlic, grapes, raisins and the sugar substitute xylitol, among other common food items.
Do you know which pet poisons are lurking in your home? Each year, thousands of pets accidentally ingest dangerous but common household items. Onions, grapes, gardening mulch—the culprits are surprising! In honor of National Poison Awareness Month, we’re holding a live Twitter chat Wednesday, March 5 with Dr. Tina Wismer, Medical Director of the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center.
Dr. Wismer will be on hand March 5 at 2:00 P.M. (EST) to answer all your questions about protecting pets from harmful substances.
We’ll also test your pet-poison knowledge with a few trivia questions. Three guests will receive ASPCA swag bags—and one grand-prize winner will receive an Emergency Ready Deluxe Pet First Aid Kit!
Happy Valentine’s Day! Here at the ASPCA, we’re excited to spend the day with our loved ones—with two or four legs! By now, most pet parents have heard that chocolate treats pose dangers to dogs, but we wanted to point out a few other tips to keep your pets happy and safe this Valentine’s Day.
Precautionary Petals: While flowers are a Valentine’s Day staple, there are a few types to be wary of. First, all species of lily are potentially fatal to cats. Check out our plant library to learn more about plants that are toxic to pets. Also, be mindful of rose stems with thorns attached—when pets bite step on or swallow them, they could develop an infection.
Careful with Cocktails: If you choose to celebrate Valentine’s Day with a bottle of wine or champagne, make sure your pet doesn’t try to join in. Even a small amount of alcohol can cause serious illnesses in pets, including vomiting, diarrhea, lack of coordination and other problems.
Don’t Share Your Sweets: In addition to chocolate, candies and gums that are sweetened with xylitol are unsafe for pets to consume. It’s important to keep sweet treats out of your pet’s reach.