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Cats and Carbs: An Update on Feline Diabetes

Monday, October 7, 2013 - 1:15pm
Large orange cat with yellow eyes

Guest blog by Louise Murray, DVM DACVIM, Vice President of the ASPCA Animal Hospital and author of “Vet Confidential: An Insider’s Guide to Protecting Your Pet’s Health”

Diabetes is a real problem for cats in this country, but the good news is that we now have a much better understanding of this condition, and even better, we can cure it in many cases. Best of all, we are learning how to prevent it, which is the ideal strategy for a healthy, happy cat.

Cause: It’s now believed that many cases of feline diabetes are caused by excess carbohydrates in the diet. Dry cat foods in particular can be high in carbohydrates. Cats are not designed to properly metabolize carbohydrates, and cats on dry food may become obese. Additionally, the excess of carbs forces the pancreas, the organ that produces insulin, to overwork. Over time, the pancreas can become exhausted, and lose the ability to make sufficient insulin. This lack of insulin causes diabetes.

Treatment: Most diabetic cats have not permanently lost the ability to produce insulin. In order to rest the pancreas and allow it to return to normal function, cats are given twice-daily insulin injections. It’s essential to carefully regulate diabetes so the cat receives the proper amount of insulin to restore the function of the pancreas while avoiding low blood sugar, a potential side effect of insulin treatment.  

The second essential component of treatment is the cat’s diet. For the best chance of curing diabetes, most cats should eat a canned diet formulated for diabetes, or a canned kitten food. Be sure to consult with your veterinarian regarding the best diet for your own cat.

A note of caution: Cats who refuse to eat can become very ill. Any diet changes must be made cautiously, with careful monitoring of the appetite.

For optimal treatment of diabetic cats, it may be advisable to consult with a veterinary internal medicine specialist. We have two on staff at the ASPCA Animal Hospital: Dr. Pomrantz and Dr. Frank. To find a veterinary internist in your local area go to www.acvim.org.

Prevention:  We all know that “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” For diabetes prevention as well as urinary tract and digestive health, we advise feeding cats canned food in meals, rather than allowing them to graze on dry food. Just remember that when attempting to make any change in a cat’s diet, such as from dry to canned food, patience and caution are essential. Never allow a cat to “hunger strike,” which can cause serious illness.

For more information about keeping kitty healthy, or to make an appointment for your pet, please visit the ASPCA Animal Hospital.

Comments

Comments

sarah

My cat Larry was just diagnosed with diabetes and the vet has him on the DM diet, I have been researching for other food options for him that is high protein and low carb. Can u please tell me what food u found that has helped your cat greatly so I might try it on my baby boy. He has not started the insulin yet I'm trying to beat this with a change in diet be for we have to start insulin.

BJ

What food do you find to give your cat. My cat has just been diagnosed and we need to change his food.

ashley oliver

My vet (a Board Certified Feline Practitioner) told me years ago that the dry food was was causing the epidemic of diabetes and obesity. Now we have the answer--GRAIN FREE dry foods, good quality ones that are not loaded with potato for cheap filler (sweets and yams are fine)--read the ingredients: meat, low glycemic veggies and fruits (like berries), NO rice, barley, wheat, soy,oatmeal, or grain of any kind, and your kitty will be eating well. They are more expensive to buy but end up costing about the same since kitty will eat less because they are nutrient rich (the difference between feeding a steak and a loaf of white bread) and you'll save on vet bills.Gotta go to a good pet stores not the local market--well worth it.

Ellie

May I ask you what cat food you feed your cat? My 4 yrs. old Graycee
had been very sick when she was 1 yr. old. I had her on "Taste of Home" dry food & now have her on "Life Abundance" dry food. I have been giving her Wellness food in the pouch also, but she will only lick the juice, & not eat the food itself. I want to feed her the best food, but am now a little worried about diabetes, because since she has been eating "Life Abundance", she has gained weight. She is 4yrs. old, & weighs close to 15 lbs. Thank-you in advance for any help you can give me....

Ellie

May I ask you what cat food you feed your cat? My 4 yrs. old Graycee
had been very sick when she was 1 yr. old. I had her on "Taste of Home" dry food & now have her on "Life Abundance" dry food. I have been giving her Wellness food in the pouch also, but she will only lick the juice, & not eat the food itself. I want to feed her the best food, but am now a little worried about diabetes, because since she has been eating "Life Abundance", she has gained weight. She is 4yrs. old, & weighs close to 15 lbs. Thank-you in advance for any help you can give me....

Lynda

Can you recommend a good grain-free dry food?

Nell

There are a number of companies that make grain-free dry food (EVO, Wellness, Blue Buffalo), but no dry food (that is, food that is bound into kibble) is carbohydrate-free, I believe. That's because they need some carb-based medium to bind it into kibble. Wet food, or freeze-dried raw (Primal, Wysong, etc.) is the gold standard. It's a myth that dry is better for teeth. The kibble is too small to do any work scraping off the plaque - they just crack it open and swallow it. Use any dental products (anti-plaque spray, dental treats, etc.), but brushing is best. You don't have to do it twice a day, even twice a week is better than nothing. If you do it right, your cat may actually enjoy it. Mine asks to get her teeth brushed!
Any time you switch your cat from one type of food to another, you HAVE to do it gradually. Add small amounts of new food into old, then increase the percentage over a week or two until it's all new. This is critical, or else you cause stomach upset or worse. Besides, no cat that's been eating one kind of food all his life is going to just take to another overnight.
Best not to experiment making your own food, unless you're an animal nutritionist, or like to gamble with your pet's health.

ashley oliver

My vet (a Board Certified Feline Practitioner) told me years ago that the dry food was was causing the epidemic of diabetes and obesity. Now we have the answer--GRAIN FREE dry foods, good quality ones that are not loaded with potato for cheap filler (sweets and yams are fine)--read the ingredients: meat, low glycemic veggies and fruits (like berries), NO rice, barley, wheat, soy,oatmeal, or grain of any kind, and your kitty will be eating well. They are more expensive to buy but end up costing about the same since kitty will eat less because they are nutrient rich (the difference between feeding a steak and a loaf of white bread) and you'll save on vet bills.Gotta go to a good pet stores not the local market--well worth it.

Lynda

Any good grain free dry food recommendations?

Denise Neal

I found out that my rescue cat had diabetes when I had her blood sugar tested (she was an old girl and nobody wanted to adopt her except ME). She was obese, sluggish/inactive, dull/course dandruff fur and drank an enormous amount of water. I couldn't afford the insulin shots so I started mixing one teaspoon of powdered organic brewers yeast (Lewis Lab or Twinlabs brand) in her soft food. She has now lost considerable weight and is much more active and alert, soft shiny dandruff-free coat, and drinks less water. I truly believe the brewers yeast nutritional value (vitamins, minerals, chromium) is probably helping tp keep her blood sugar more regulated. I also limit the amount of dry food and buy only grain-free. Will see what the Vet says on next checkup visit.

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