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Animal Abandonment FAQ

Thursday, February 6, 2014 - 1:00pm
Black Lab sitting alone on sidewalk

Recently, we told you the story of Callie. Abandoned in a frozen van, Callie was left for dead until the ASPCA and NYPD rescued her. While we were thrilled to report that Callie’s story had a happy ending (she was adopted by the same police officer who found her), it got us thinking about animal abandonment. Though not discussed as often as other, more overt forms of animal cruelty, abandonment is a serious issue. To help understand what abandonment is, how it’s dealt with, and what you can do to help, we’ve answered some of the most Frequently Asked Questions.

What Is Animal Abandonment?

Abandonment laws differ by state, but generally speaking, abandonment happens when an owner or temporary caretaker of an animal leaves that animal in a public or private place (inside or outside) without intending to return for it and without making provision for its continued care.

How Many Animals Are Abandoned Each Year?

Because there is no national reporting requirement for animal abuse, there is no way to track the number of abandoned animals each year. However, we do know 6-8 million companion animals enter shelters nationwide every year. This number includes animals abandoned on the street (found animals) and animals seized after private abandonment in homes or apartments.

Is Animal Abandonment A Crime?

Most states have laws making abandonment of an animal unlawful. It is sometimes a component of cruelty laws, though some states like New York treat it as a separate offense. In New York, it is a Class A misdemeanor.

What Are the Consequences for Animal Abandonment?

Consequences vary nationwide. In New York, it is punishable by up to one year in jail and/or a fine of up to $1000. Visit our complete list of animal abandonment laws by state. If an abandoned animal is found to be sick, injured or dead, cruelty charges may also be appropriate. In these circumstances, forensic veterinary work may be helpful.

How Are Abandonment Laws Enforced?

Due to the nature of the crime, it is often difficult to identify and locate the owner or caretaker who has abandoned the animal. ID tags and microchips can sometimes help identify the responsibility party. Unfortunately, there are many instances where owners cannot readily be found and charged for abandonment.

What Can I Do To Help?

If you suspect animal abandonment, contact the police or appropriate law enforcement agency in your area. Visit our Fight Cruelty Page for a list of contacts in each state.

Please consider becoming an ASPCA Guardian today. Your support will help us continue our life-saving missions to rescue abandoned animals before it’s too late. 

Comments

Comments

Brad Olson

Yes of course it is abandonment when you purposely leave an animal and that person or persons should be held responsible and the book should be throw at them. I have things that are much worse but they would not allow them to happen.
I have no clue how people could even have the thought to leave a friend (your animal) in a strange place? They would not do that to a human family member so how can you do it to a friend that just wants to be loved and cared for and that would love you no matter what???? People that are caught doing this should be dropped in a hole in the desert and told to get out on there own and see how they like it.

FiveLittleHens

Honestly, how difficult is it to take an animal to a shelter or somewhere safe instead of abandoning it? If you don't want the animal, you can drop it somewhere rather than just leaving it to starve, be injured, or worse. On the other hand, there's people that abandon their kids; I don't guess it's reasonable to expect them to do any better by their pets.

Laura

Actually it is becoming more and more difficult. As pressure increases to save every animal no matter what, shelters have started closing their doors to new pets. The very places that used to be the safe haven for these abandon animals are now turning them away in an effort to call themselves "no-kill." Works great to raise money, not so great for the animals that now have to suffer and die on the streets instead of in loving arms.

Joanne

YOU ARE CORRECT BUT YOU HAVE TO BLAME ALOT OF IT ON THE HOUSING INDUSTRY ALSO MAKING IT VERY HARD ON FAMILIES. DO NOT EVER MOVE INTO A PLACE WHERE THEY DON'T ALLOW PETS. HIT THEM WHERE IT HURTS.

Patricia from M...

Abandonment of animals should be a crime and perpetrators should be sought out and punished. But there need be a system in place to deal with the problem.
For example many animals are abandoned each year when people move from their appartments. The landlords could alert authorities (local humane shelter, police) immediately if an animal is left in an appartment. These authorities would seek out the owner and levy a hefty fine (enough to cover the cost of the service). Unfortunately one reason tenants leave animals is because new landlords will not accept them but it is no excuse for not being responsible and finding the animal a new home or at least dropping it off at a shelter.

Joanne

MOVING IS NOT AN OPTION TO ABANDON A PET YOU TAKE THE BABY WITH YOU
JUST AS YOU WOULD WITH ANY CHILD. IF THE IGNORANT LANDLORDS DO NOT WANT PETS THEN DON'T MOVE THERE YOUR PET COMES FIRST!!!!!!!!

Leslie

Animal abandonment is form of cruelty and it is a crime. But the consequences are not severe enough. We need to work through our local municipalities and state governments initially, to assure that laws are enacted that dictate severe penalties to individuals who do not properly care for their animals - including abandonment. Please contact your local city and country commissioners, managers and boards as well as your state representatives to voice your opinion that if they are to remain in their jobs - they are required to assure their dedication to protecting animals.

Sondra

I would like to see each city have a drop-off facility, free of charge, for animals that are no longer wanted or can no longer stay with their current owner for whatever reason. To surrender a pet it costs $25.00 in our city. If there were places that these unwanted pets could be taken to that was free, I'll bet abandoned pets would be a problem no more. God bless all that take care of the unwanted, unloved creatures of God.

Laura

Drop off fees are one method limited admission shelters reduce the number of pets entering their facilities. This movement is no longer about caring for the welfare of pets, it has evolved into a fundraising race where the shelter with the best statistics wins. Animals be damned.

Joanne

YES THERE NEED TO BE MORE CAT HOMES IN EVERY COUNTY WHERE PEOPLE CAN HELP OUT AND FERELS AND PETS CAN GO TO A WARM PLACE WITH BEDS AND TOYS AND LATER GET ADOPTED OUT. IF EVERYONE WOULD JOIN TOGETHER IT COULD PROBABLY HAPPEN. THOUGH YOU HAVE TO DEAL WITH THE COUNTY TO GET THEM BUILT. BUT IF WE DID THAT ALL OVER THE COUNTRY THERE WOULD BE LESS ON THE STREET AND LESS MURDERS OF CATS AND THEY WOULD COME TO KNOW WHAT A HOME IS AND HAVE ATTENTION AND BE LOVED ON. THINK ABOUT IT.

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